ENGLISH · GRAMMAR

GRAMMAR: WORD ORDER OF PROBABLY, PERHAPS AND MAYBE

When we talk about probability in English, we have several options to choose from, but one thing we must be careful with is the simple error of word order. Be careful not to make this basic mistake:   Probably Probably cannot go at the beginning of a sentence, it goes after the auxiliary verb, for… Continue reading GRAMMAR: WORD ORDER OF PROBABLY, PERHAPS AND MAYBE

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ENGLISH · GRAMMAR

QUESTION WORDS IN ENGLISH

A key part of holding a conversation in English is the ability to ask questions. When you can ask questions, you have the ability to guide an interaction and you can also maintain (continue) and develop (elaborate) it. What you need to take into account is that there are two types of questions: open questions… Continue reading QUESTION WORDS IN ENGLISH

ENGLISH · GRAMMAR

GRAMMAR: PRESENT TENSES

The basis of the English language is in understanding its verbs and how we can form sentences.   We can form to be with the full form I am or the contraction I´m SUBJECT TO BE CONTRACTION I AM I´M YOU ARE YOU´RE HE/SHE/IT IS HE´S WE ARE YOU´RE YOU (ALL) ARE YOU´RE THEY ARE… Continue reading GRAMMAR: PRESENT TENSES

ENGLISH · GRAMMAR

COUNTABLE AND UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS

Countable and uncountable nouns: Nouns in English can be either countable or uncountable. When you learn them, you need to know if the noun is countable or uncountable as if influences the grammar we use.   Countable nouns: they can be counted 1, 2, 3 (Examples: people, jobs, cars, computers, days, hours, sweets, bottles, glasses)… Continue reading COUNTABLE AND UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS

ENGLISH · GRAMMAR

GRAMMAR: IRREGULAR PAST VERBS

In the English language there are both regular and irregular verbs. The regular verbs are easy as they all end in ed, for example walked, listened and decided. The only difficulty occurs with pronunciation as there are three ways of doing this, /id/ /t/ /d/. Irregular verbs on the other hand are more difficult as… Continue reading GRAMMAR: IRREGULAR PAST VERBS

ENGLISH · GRAMMAR

COMPARATIVE ADJECTIVES

Comparative adjectives: We use comparative to talk about the similarities and differences between different things.   Comparing two things: She is taller than me. You are better looking than your dad. (NORMAL) tall = taller, short = shorter (IRREGULAR) good = better, bad = worse (DOUBLE) big = bigger, fat = fatter (…IER) Happy =… Continue reading COMPARATIVE ADJECTIVES

GRAMMAR · SENTENCE TRANSFORMATIONS

FIRST (B2) 100 SENTENCE TRANSFORMATIONS IN PDF

Rephrasing (transformation) types in the FCE exam In this part of the exam you have six sentences to complete. You need to read the first sentence in each question. From this you need to look at the second sentence and think about what information is missing. You must then complete the second sentence so that… Continue reading FIRST (B2) 100 SENTENCE TRANSFORMATIONS IN PDF

GRAMMAR · SENTENCE TRANSFORMATIONS

ADVANCED (C1) SENTENCE TRANSFORMATIONS IN PDF

In this part of the exam you have six sentences to complete. You need to read the first sentence in each question. From this you need to look at the second sentence and think about what information is missing. You must then complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning as the… Continue reading ADVANCED (C1) SENTENCE TRANSFORMATIONS IN PDF

GRAMMAR

JUSTIFYING: GIVING REASONS

When we give reasons for an action, what we are doing is justifying this action, or better said, explaining the motive behind an action or event. We use reasoning to extend speech and also to maintain conversations. There are various ways to do this: How to learn: The important thing to remember is that context is… Continue reading JUSTIFYING: GIVING REASONS

GRAMMAR

GRAMMAR: VERB + OBJECT + (BARE) INFINITIVE/GERUND

An extension of Gerund vs Infinitive grammar is to learn how to add an object into the mix. If you haven’t already seen it, look at our full verb list HERE to once and for all settle this difficult grammar point. With reference to the object that is included in the examples; this object can… Continue reading GRAMMAR: VERB + OBJECT + (BARE) INFINITIVE/GERUND

GRAMMAR · STUDENT

GRAMMAR: USED TO, BE USED TO, GET USED TO

Within English grammar there can be some confusing points with relation to similar expressions (used to, be used to and get used to) for example. The best way to improve your understanding of these points is to put them into practical examples and also to review them in a consistent manner. See our grammar exercised HERE… Continue reading GRAMMAR: USED TO, BE USED TO, GET USED TO

ACTIVITIES · GRAMMAR · STUDENT

FIXED PHRASES: TIME, PURPOSE, REASON AND RESULT

Fixed phrases: Fixed phrases are an essential part of language learning as they will give the learner confidence to express their ideas in various ways. They are really useful for speaking and the learner will recognise them in both written and spoken language. In relation to exams they are essential for rephrasing exercises, for the… Continue reading FIXED PHRASES: TIME, PURPOSE, REASON AND RESULT

GRAMMAR · SENTENCE TRANSFORMATIONS

FCE (B2): KEY WORD TRANSFORMATIONS 20

Fill in the gaps in the second sentence with 2-5 words. You must use the word given in exactly the same form. Each question is worth 2 points, one based on vocabulary and the other on grammar.   E.g.         We must take as much advantage as possible of any opportunity to speak English. MOST   … Continue reading FCE (B2): KEY WORD TRANSFORMATIONS 20

GRAMMAR · SENTENCE TRANSFORMATIONS

FCE (B2): KEY WORD TRANSFORMATIONS 19

Fill in the gaps in the second sentence with 2-5 words. You must use the word given in exactly the same form. Each question is worth 2 points, one based on vocabulary and the other on grammar.   E.g.         We must take as much advantage as possible of any opportunity to speak English. MOST   … Continue reading FCE (B2): KEY WORD TRANSFORMATIONS 19

GRAMMAR · SENTENCE TRANSFORMATIONS

FCE (B2): KEY WORD TRANSFORMATIONS 18

Fill in the gaps in the second sentence with 2-5 words. You must use the word given in exactly the same form. Each question is worth 2 points, one based on vocabulary and the other on grammar.   E.g.         We must take as much advantage as possible of any opportunity to speak English. MOST   … Continue reading FCE (B2): KEY WORD TRANSFORMATIONS 18