C1 ENGLISH · SENTENCE TRANSFORMATIONS

ADVANCED (C1) SENTENCE TRANSFORMATIONS IN PDF

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In this part of the exam you have six sentences to complete. You need to read the first sentence in each question. From this you need to look at the second sentence and think about what information is missing. You must then complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning as the first with 3-6 words (NO MORE). Another thing to understand is that you are provided with a word that you must use in exactly the same form (if it is TOLD, you cannot use tell, telling or any variation of the word. ONLY TOLD). Each of the questions is worth 2 points and the points are based on lexical (vocabulary) or structural (grammatical) points. What they assess in this part of the exam are as follows:

 

Lexical: phrasal verbs, word patterns, fixed expressions, contextual vocabulary etc.

Click here to improve your understanding of 110 EXPRESSIONS FOR KEY WORD TRANSFORMATIONS FOR THE CAE (C1)

 

Structural: passive, relative clauses, reported speech, quantifiers, connectors, tense changes, gerund versus infinitive, modal verbs, inversions (rarely), conditionals etc.

 

  1. As soon as Alejandro finished work, he went to have a beer with friends.

SOONER        No ………………………………………………….. than he went to have a beer with friends.

  1. I have never before been asked to fix an exam.

HAVE             Never before ……………………………………………. an exam.

  1. He had hardly started jogging when he got injured.

HAD               Hardly ……………………………………….. when he got injured.

  1. As soon as he had finished his meal, he asked for the bill.

THAN             No sooner had …………………………………….. he asked for the bill.

  1. This display had better not be messed about with on any account.

SHOULD        On no account …………………………………………… about with.

  1. I have never studied so hard in my life.

STUDIED                   ……………………………………………… so hard in my life.

  1. Only at the end of the class did I remember to ask the teacher for the booklet.

REMEMBERED         I ………………………………………. the teacher for the booklet at the end of the class.

  1. I was never told what the course involved.

TIME                          At no ………………………………… what the course involved

  1. I have almost never studied so much in my life for an exam.

SELDOM                   …………………………. studied so much in my life for an exam.

  1. Matt had only just set up his business when he became rich.

HARDLY                                 ……………………………. up his business when he became rich.

  1. I usually need to talk nicely to someone, before they decide if they like me or not.

CHAT              People don’t know if they like me until I have had the ………………………………………..

  1. If I could get away with it, I would consider having an affair

ON                  I would be ……………………………………….wife, as long as she didn’t find out.

  1. My parent don’t mind if I sign up to an extracurricular activity or not.

DIFFERENCE It ……………………………………….join an extracurricular activity or not to my parents.

  1. If you shout at your kids, which is unnecessary, it won’t make the blind bit of difference.

OFF                In the event of ………………………………………., they won’t learn from it.

  1. I think you owe your friends an apology, you should keep in touch better

CONTACT      I think you should say sorry to your friends for ………………………………………..

  1. It is an unlikely scenario that we will both end up studying at the same university, as I don’t want to.

RELUCTANT  I would ………………………………………. same university as you, so it is very improbable.

  1. “Why did you split up with Sarah, she was really good for you” Agnes asked Michael.

BREAK                        Agnes wanted to ………………………………………. with Sarah.

  1. I couldn’t believe it when I coincidently saw Samuel in the street

BUMP                        It came as a ………………………………………. Samuel in the street.

  1. The consistent humorous events in the film made me laugh a lot.

CRACKING    I couldn’t help ………………………………………. funny moments in the film.

  1. You have let me down and what is worse, you have let yourself down.

DISAPPOINTED       I feel really ………………………………………. is worse is you have let yourself down.

  1. The bully wasn’t just teasing his classmate. He was being violent too.

ONLY              Not ………………………………………. fun of his classmate. He was violent too.

  1. It isn’t worth talking to people if they are only going to be rude to you.

IMPOLITE     If I were you, I wouldn’t talk ………………………………………. to you.

  1. He clearly forgot to collect you last night, he left you waiting for so long.

PICK               It is clear that he didn’t ………………………………………. night as you were waiting for a long time.

  1. It is worth gathering every once in a while to catch up.

TOGETHER   I am keen to ………………………………………. now and then to catch up.

  1. Do you ever have to spend time with people you don’t get on with?

Must ………………………………………. anyone you don´t like very much?

  1. It might be a good idea to keep on studying another year before doing the exam.

US                   It could ………………………………………. studying for another year before going in for the exam.

  1. I´ll carry on studying providing that you give me a hand.

LONG             ………………………………………. help me out, I´ll carry on with my studies.

  1. Please inform your tutor is you have gone off your course.

LIKING                       Let your tutor ………………………………………. your course.

  1. I can hardly ever figure out how to solve maths equations.

SELDOM       I can ………………………………………. way to solve maths equations.

  1. If it is the same to you, I´d rather get on with the project as to not fall behind.

CATCH                       I´d rather ………………………………………. so I want to get started as soon as possible if you don´t mind.

 

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