READING · STUDENT

THE INVENTION OF THE INTERNET (READING): ONE WORD GAPS FILL

Fill in the gaps with one word:

The invention of the internet

Unlike _____(1) invention of such things like the light bulb or the television. The internet has not single inventor, it was more correctly a collective effort that instead, evolved _____ (2) time. The internet started to be used on a measurable scale in the USA more than 50 years _____ (3). For a number of years it was used only as a form of communication and to share information amongst scientists. Today, it is impossible to imagine life without it.

It all began in fact, in 1957, _____ (4) the launch of a satellite known as sputnik by the then USSR or as it is also known, the Soviet Union. This was the first manmade satellite that was used as a radio transmitter to send radio signals back down to earth. This satellite barely worked in reality, but _____ (5) served as a reference of what could be achieved and American scientists set out to improve on this groundbreaking feat.

Scientists collaborated with military experts who were concerned about a military attack _____ (6) the Soviet Union during the Cold War on the nations telephone system. In 1962 they hit upon a solution with the collaboration or ARPA. A galactic network in which computers could talk to each other. _____ (7) a network would open up endless opportunities to communicate even in a dooms day scenario.

In 1965, another M.I.T scientist developed a way of enabling computers to communicate called “packet switching”. This method breaks data down into bocks before sending it off to another entity. Without this we would _____ (8) have developed ARPAnet that would later evolve into the internet.

 

ANSWERS

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