GRAMMAR

PRESENT PERFECT GRAMMAR

PRESENT PERFECT GRAMMAR

Present perfect simple:

 

Subject + have + past participle

e.g. I have eaten lunch today

  • We use the present perfect simple to talk about actions that happened in the past but no time is mentioned or if we are still inside the time period (today, this week, this month, this year, recently).
  • We also use the present perfect to talk about experiences when the time is not important (in my life)

 

Focus on the word order of the following adverbs:

ALREADY (ya) – I have already finished my homework.

YET (ya) – Have you seen that movie yet?

YET (aún) – I haven´t had breakfast yet this morning.

STILL (aún) – I still haven´t set off for work.

JUST (acabar de) – I have just arrived home from work.

EVER (alguna vez) – Have you ever been to Japan?

FOR (durante) – I have studied English for 4 years.

SINCE (desde) – I have lived in Spain since 7 years ago/2010.

 

Present perfect continuous:

  • We use the present perfect continuous to talk about actions that started in the past but continue.

 

Subject + have + been + gerund

e.g. I have been working in this job

 

*Be aware that some of the adverbs can be used in other contexts and they are classified as different word types, for example, Just because = porque sí/no and Yet still = aún así

 

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