GRAMMAR

PASSIVE GRAMMAR

PASSIVE GRAMMAR

We use the passive voice in 3 situations:

  1. When the subject is not known

e.g. Someone killed the president

The president was killed (by someone)

  1. When the subject is obvious

e.g. The cleaner has cleaned the office

The office has been cleaned (by the cleaner)

  1. When the subject is not important

e.g. Alex Huckle eats all of the pies.

All of the pies are eaten by Alex Huckle

 

For extra practice click HERE and access our free PDF exercises.

 

The best way to form the passive is with this simple 5 step rule:

Active =         The man swept the floor last Friday.

Passive =       The floor was swept by the man last Friday.

*you can omit by the man because it is irrelevant

  1. Object – singular or plural
  2. Tense – conjugate the verb to be in this tense
  3. Verb – past participle
  4. Subject – can it be omitted? (unknown, obvious, irrelevant)
  5. Complements – extra information

 

An important part of the passive is knowing how to conjugate the verb to be.

Present simple = is/are

Present continuous = is/are being

Present perfect = has/have been

Past perfect = had been

Past simple = was/were

Going to = is/are going to be

Would = would be

Can = can be

Will = will be

Must = must be

Could = could be

Might = might be

Should = should be

Modal perfect = would/could/might/should have been

 

See our post on CAUSATIVE GRAMMAR

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