GRAMMAR

GERUND VERSUS INFINITIVE VERB LIST

The GERUND versus the infinitive can be a challenging aspect of English grammar, for more practice, see our post on grammar structures HERE

 

To understand the gerund and infinitive, you need to remember 3 rules.

Gerund

  1. Subject of the sentence g. swimming is good for your health.
  2. After a preposition g. I am keen on running to get fit.
  3. After certain/some verbs g. I fancy having a beer with my meal.

 

Infinitive

  1. Purpose of another action g. I do the shopping once a week to buy food.
  2. After an adjective g. It is easy to pass the exam with this course.
  3. After certain/some verbs g. He managed to get a 10 on the exam.

 

Gerund versus Infinitive verb list

 

GERUND (use the gerund after these verbs)
Admit, Advise, Appreciate, Avoid, Can´t help, Can´t stand, Complete, Consider, Delay, Deny, Detest, Discuss, Despise, Enjoy, Escape, Excuse, Fancy, Feel like, Finish, Forbid, Imagine, Involve, Keep, Mention, Mind, Miss, Permit, Postpone, Practice, Quit, Recall, Recommend, Report, Resist, Resume, Risk, Spend (time), Suggest, Tolerate, Understand, Use, Waste (time)

 

 

 

 

INFINITIVE (use the infinitive after these words)
Able, Afford, Agree, Aim, Allow, Appear, Arrange, Ask, Attempt, Beg, Claim, Choose, Consent, Dare, Decide, Demand, Deserve, Encourage, Expect, Fail, Get, Happen, Help, Hesitate, Hope, Hurry, Learn, Long, Manage, Need, Offer, Plan, Pleased, Prepare, Pretend, Promise, Propose, Refuse, Seem, Strive, Swear, Take (time), Tend, Threaten, Use, Wait, Want, Wish, Would like

 

NO CHANGE IN MEANING: EITHER (use either the gerund or infinitive)
Begin, Continue, Dislike, Like, love, Start, Intend, prefer

 

CHANGE IN MEANING: EITHER (use either the gerund or the infinitive)
Consider, Forget, Imagine, Mean, Remember, Remind, Regret, Try, Stop, Teach, Try

 

Change in meaning between gerund and infinitive:

Like (no change)              I like swimming                                 I like to swim

Remember (change)      I didn´t remember doing it           I didn´t remember to do it

Gerund form normally means that the action was completed, the infinitive not completed.

 

DOWNLOAD THIS LIST IN PDF GERUND VERSUS INFINITIVE LIST

 

Advertisements

Comments

comments

One thought on “GERUND VERSUS INFINITIVE VERB LIST

Leave a Reply