The GERUND versus the infinitive can be a challenging aspect of English grammar, for more practice, see our post on grammar structures HERE
To understand the gerund and infinitive, you need to remember 3 rules.
- Subject of the sentence g. swimming is good for your health.
- After a preposition g. I am keen on running to get fit.
- After certain/some verbs g. I fancy having a beer with my meal.
- Purpose of another action g. I do the shopping once a week to buy food.
- After an adjective g. It is easy to pass the exam with this course.
- After certain/some verbs g. He managed to get a 10 on the exam.
Gerund versus Infinitive verb list
|GERUND (use the gerund after these verbs)|
|Admit, Advise, Appreciate, Avoid, Can´t help, Can´t stand, Complete, Consider, Delay, Deny, Detest, Discuss, Despise, Enjoy, Escape, Excuse, Fancy, Feel like, Finish, Forbid, Imagine, Involve, Keep, Mention, Mind, Miss, Permit, Postpone, Practice, Quit, Recall, Recommend, Report, Resist, Resume, Risk, Spend (time), Suggest, Tolerate, Understand, Use, Waste (time)
|INFINITIVE (use the infinitive after these words)|
|Able, Afford, Agree, Aim, Allow, Appear, Arrange, Ask, Attempt, Beg, Claim, Choose, Consent, Dare, Decide, Demand, Deserve, Encourage, Expect, Fail, Get, Happen, Help, Hesitate, Hope, Hurry, Learn, Long, Manage, Need, Offer, Plan, Pleased, Prepare, Pretend, Promise, Propose, Refuse, Seem, Strive, Swear, Take (time), Tend, Threaten, Use, Wait, Want, Wish, Would like|
|NO CHANGE IN MEANING: EITHER (use either the gerund or infinitive)|
|Begin, Continue, Dislike, Like, love, Start, Intend, prefer|
|CHANGE IN MEANING: EITHER (use either the gerund or the infinitive)|
|Consider, Forget, Imagine, Mean, Remember, Remind, Regret, Try, Stop, Teach, Try|
Change in meaning between gerund and infinitive:
Like (no change) I like swimming I like to swim
Remember (change) I didn´t remember doing it I didn´t remember to do it
Gerund form normally means that the action was completed, the infinitive not completed.
DOWNLOAD THIS LIST IN PDF GERUND VERSUS INFINITIVE LIST