C1 ENGLISH · SENTENCE TRANSFORMATIONS

ADVANCED (C1): SENTENCE TRANSFORMATIONS IN PDF

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In this part of the exam the candidate must read a sentence and then complete a second sentence with 3-6 words so that it has the same meaning as the first sentence. It is a text of grammar and vocabulary. Sometimes the sentence can be completed with only 2 words or more that 6 but these answers are not valid as the task stated 3-6 words.

Fill in the gaps in the second sentence with 3-6 words. You must use the word given in exactly the same form. Each question is worth 2 points, one based on vocabulary and the other on grammar.

 

Lexical: phrasal verbs, word patterns, fixed expressions, contextual vocabulary etc.

 

Structural: passive, relative clauses, reported speech, quantifiers, connectors, tense changes, gerund versus infinitive, modal verbs, inversions (rarely), conditionals etc

 

EXAMPLE QUESTIONS:

 

E.g.     We must take as much advantage as possible of any opportunity to speak English.

MOST     We have …………………………………………………………………… any opportunity to speak English.

Answer: to make the most of

 

  1. The language school is now being managed by new owners from New Zealand.

OVER

Some New Zealanders __________________________ language school.

 

  1. I have never studied so hard in my life.

STUDIED

________________________ so hard in my life.

 

  1. If I had more money, I would travel more.

ABLE

Unfortunately, I _____________________ travel much because of money.

 

  1. Only at the end of the class did I remember to ask the teacher for the booklet.

REMEMBERED

I ………………………………………. the teacher for the booklet at the end of the class.

 

  1. You must never hand in your homework late.

ACCOUNT

Your homework must never be __________________________.

 

  1. I was never told what the course involved.

TIME

At no ………………………………… what the course involved

 

  1. I will pay you for the meal next week unless you have any objections

OBJECT

If you ____________________________ for the meal next week, I will leave it until then.

 

  1. I have almost never studied so much in my life for an exam.

SELDOM

…………………………. studied so much in my life for an exam.

 

  1. Matt had only just set up his business when he became rich.

HARDLY

……………………………. up his business when he became rich.

 

  1. It remains to be seen if we will cover all the content in time for the exam.

KNOW

I do____________________ time to cover all of the content for the exam.

 

  1. As soon as Alejandro finished work, he went to have a beer with friends.

SOONER

No ………………………………………………….. than he went to have a beer with friends.

 

  1. If it is the same to you, I am eager to get on with the project.

LIKE

If you don´t mind, I ___________________ work as soon as possible.

 

  1. I have never before been asked to fix an exam.

HAVE

Never before ……………………………………………. an exam.

 

  1. “Would you lend me $2000 Jacob?” asked Rebecca.

BORROW

Rebecca asked _______________ $2000 from Jacob.

 

  1. He had hardly started jogging when he got injured.

HAD

Hardly ……………………………………….. when he got injured.

 

  1. Marc fully intends to make his language blog successful.

EVERY

Marc has ______________________ his language learning blog successful.

 

  1. As soon as he had finished his meal, he asked for the bill.

THAN

No sooner had …………………………………….. he asked for the bill.

 

  1. My parents did not approve of my choice of university.

MET

My choice of university ____________________disapproval by my parents.

 

  1. This display had better not be messed about with on any account.

SHOULD

On no account …………………………………………… about with.

 

  1. Marta found the driving test very difficult to pass.

TROUBLE

Marta ________________________ the driving test.

 

  1. We arrived at the football match too late to be able to play.

BY

The football match ________________________ time we arrived.

 

  1. I was at the point of delaying the meeting when you called.

JUST

I was __________________________ off the meeting when you called.

 

  1. Josh was disappointed with his results in his GCSE exams.

CAME

Josh´s GCSE results _________________________ to him.24.

 

  1. It is difficult to say why some exams are easier than others.

DIFFICULT

It´s hard to say _______________________than others.

 

  1. If only I had studied more, I wouldn´t be angry.

WOULD

I _____________________________ studied more.

 

  1. Only 4 students came to the class in the end.

UP

Finally, only 4 ________________________the class.

 

  1. I must say that the food in ´the Catacaldos restaurant´ is exquisite.

TO

I ___________________________ satisfaction with the amazing food at ´the Catacaldos restaurant´.

 

  1. It remains to be seen if it was a good decision or not.

TIME

Only ____________________ correctly or not.

 

  1. Robert´s friend recommended the website INTERCAMBIOIDIOMASONLINE to study English.

ON

Robert studies English at INTERCAMBIOIDIOMASONLINE ____________________ of a friend.

 

  1. As long as I pass, I don´t care how much I have to study.

DIFFERENCE

As long as I pass, it _______________________ much I need to study.

 

  1. It never occurred to us that the business would fail.

IMAGENED

We ___________________________ fail to take off.

 

  1. I need to solve this math problem by the end of the day.

COME

Before the day is up, I _______________________ to this math problem.

 

  1. In the last few months the unemployment rate has gone down.

DECREASE

There has ______________________ unemployment in recent months.

 

  1. You should not treat you kids like that, no matter how badly they behave at home.

HOWEVER

You ought not to handle your children that way, ______________ at home.

 

  1. There is no point in arguing with your boss on key decisions.

WORTH

It really ____________________________ key decisions with your boss.

 

  1. I have no intention of quitting the soccer team.

DREAM

I ________________________ up the soccer team.

 

  1. The two situations are completely separate and have nothing to do with each other.

COMMON

The two situations don´t __________________________ each other

 

  1. The problem needs to be resolved immediately.

FIND

We must ______________________ the problem immediately.

 

  1. The students have expressed their opposition to the changes.

SUBJECT

The changes ______________________ opposition.

 

  1. If you have a bus pass, you needn´t buy a ticket.

FREE

Your bus ride ______________________ have a bus pass.

 

  1. “Thanks for your help with the exam notes” Alex told me.

EXTREMELY

Alex ______________________ the help with the exam notes.

 

  1. I think you won´t find it easy to deal with the stress of the situation.

HARD

I think it will __________________ up with the stress of the situation.

 

  1. You should take advantage of your day off and fix the kitchen sink.

MOST

You ought _____________ the day off to mend the kitchen sink.

 

  1. “When do you reckon you´ll be able to fix the lock on the back door?” He asked Sam.

MEND

He asked Sam when _____________________ the back door.

 

  1. I wish I could just have a minute to myself.

ONLY

If ____________________ to spend a minute alone.

 

  1. No matter how hard he tried, he is still rubbish at it.

REGARDLESS

He is really bad at it, ­____________________ tries.

 

  1. “I no longer wish to be known as ´the silly fat kid” he said.

ANYMORE

“I don´t want ______________________ the silly fat kid” he said.

 

  1. He is working on a very complicated project at the moment.

TO

In the last few days he has ______________________ a very complicated project.

 

  1. He does it just that way because that´s how he likes doing it.

INTO

He ___________________ he likes.

 

  1. I have been too busy to attend class, but I´ll do it soonish.

ROUND

I will ____________________ attending class when I have time.

 

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