B2 ENGLISH · SENTENCE TRANSFORMATIONS

FCE (B2) SENTENCE TRANSFORMATIONS IN PDF

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In this part of the exam you have six sentences to complete. You need to read the first sentence in each question. From this you need to look at the second sentence and think about what information is missing. You must then complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning as the first with 2-5 words (NO MORE). Another thing to understand is that you are provided with a word that you must use in exactly the same form (if it is TOLD, you cannot use tell, telling or any variation of the word. ONLY TOLD). Each of the questions is worth 2 points and the points are based on lexical (vocabulary) or structural (grammatical) points. What they assess in this part of the exam are as follows:

 

Lexical: phrasal verbs, word patterns, fixed expressions, contextual vocabulary etc.

 

Structural: passive, relative clauses, reported speech, quantifiers, connectors, tense changes, gerund versus infinitive, modal verbs, inversions (rarely), conditionals etc.

 

EXAMPLES:

 

Passive voice

The examiner tells candidates the rules before the start of the exam.

TOLD At the beginning of the exam candidates …………………………………………………………. the rules.

Answer: are told

 

Comparatives

The pizza was so good we had to ask for seconds.

SUCH It …………………………………………………………. we had to ask for seconds.

Answer: was such good/great pizza

 

Reported speech

‘You look really upset,’ he told his brother.

SAID He …………………………………………………………. really upset.

Answer: said that he/his brother looked

 

Verb patterns (gerund vs infinitive)

I think it would be a good idea if you joined the beginner’s class.

SUGGEST I …………………………………………………………. the beginners class.

Answer: suggested joining

 

Phrasal verbs

They’ve cancelled the meeting as the boss couldn´t make it.

OFF They have …………………………………………………………. the meeting because of the boss´s absence.

Answer: had to call off

 

Quantifiers

We had several issues to work out before signing the contract

FEW Before signing the contract …………………………………… issues to resolve.

Answer: we had a few

 

Tense change

This weekend has been much cooler than last week.

COLD Last week …………………………………………………………. this weekend.

Answer: wasn´t as cold as

 

Conditionals

I only told you because I thought you would be excited about the opportunity.

TOLD I …………………………………………………………. you if I thought you weren’t excited.

Answer: wouldn´t have told

 

Unreal conditionals

You should get up earlier in the morning so as not to be late.

BETTER You …………………………………………………………. up earlier so that you are not late.

Answer: had better get

 

Auxiliary verbs

Perhaps we missed the train and will have to get a later one.

MIGHT We …………………………………………………………. the train and will have to wait.

Answer: might have missed

 

 

50 EXAMPLE QUESTIONS:

  1. If you want to pass the exam, you need to make an extra big effort.

PUT

You need _________________________ big effort unless you want to fail the exam.

  1. As for me, you had better lower the price of your course.

CONCERNED

As _________________________, you should lower the price of your course.

  1. Our siblings are eager to arrange a romantic get-away for our parents.

LIKE

Our siblings really __________________ a romantic trip for our parents.

  1. I have to admit that football has never really interested me.

GRAB

I must say that  football ________________________ attention.

  1. What is the thing that you are most afraid of doing?

FEAR

What do ______________________ most?

  1. I am learning English so that I can finish my degree by May of this year.

ORDER

I am learning English ____________________ my degree by May this year.

  1. We are not allowed to go to the party because we are grounded

LET

Our parents won´t _____________________ to the party as a punishment.

  1. The teacher says it is a good idea to study the course material using an online course.

RECOMMENDS

The teacher _______________________________to study the course material.

  1. I don´t mind working hard, as long as I get paid for it.

PROVIDING

Working hard doesn´t matter to me, _____________________payment for it.

  1. I find it hard to keep amused when I stay in my home town.

ENTERTAIN

It isn´t ________________________ by staying in my home town.

  1. The teacher was so boring that I literally fell asleep.

SUCH

She was ____________________ that I literally couldn´t stay awake.

  1. We must make the most of our opportunity to speak to the native teacher.

ADVANTAGE

We need __________________________ the chance to speak to the native teacher.

  1. In spite of the cost, it was still a great evening.

DESPITE

________________ lot, it was still a great evening.

  1. I was surprised that you called me after so many years.

CAME

It ______________________ to receive your phone call after such a long time.

  1. It was ages since I had seen my parents.

FOR

I hadn´t _________________________ ages.

  1. I haven´t been out and done any training for ages.

BEEN

It ______________________ since I went out and did some exercise.

  1. She was so cross because of the way I spoke to her.

AS

___________________ spoken to her badly, she got really angry.

  1. I am very used to spending lots of time outdoors with friends.

TEND

I _________________ out with friends outside a lot.

  1. Surely you are looking forward to finishing the course so that you can relax?

WAIT

I bet you ________________________ to end the course in order to unwind.

  1. I didn´t know there was a problem because you didn´t call me.

CALLED

Had ___________________, I would have known there was a problem.

  1. Marc told Oliver, “I can´t stand going to work every day, we need more time off”.

HATES

Tom said ________________________ every day and that he needs more time off.

  1. You are not supposed to study grammar all the time, you need to learn through the usage of language.

ALLOWED

You aren´t _____________ too much, you need to learn by practicing language.

  1. This year has been so awful that I don´t know if I can go on.

SUCH

This has _________________  year that I can´t carry on.

  1. I am having problems taking in all of the complex information.

SO

The information is _____________________  it is hard to believe.

  1. I think it is a waste of time going to the school reunion tonight.

POINT

I don´t ____________________ going to the school reunion tonight.

  1. This whiskey is so strong that I can’t drink it all at once.

SUCH

This is ____________________________ I can´t drink it in one go.

  1. If what happened wasn´t your fault, then why did you lie.

BLAME

Why lie if _____________________ for what happened?

  1. Their car needs replacing as it is becoming expensive to repair.

FIX

Their car __________________________, it needs replacing.

  1. The cruise to Norway was so expensive that nobody could afford it.

SUCH

It was _______________________ Norway that nobody had enough money to pay for it.

  1. You should use only English during the speaking exam.

OBJECT

The examiners _______________________ anything but English in the speaking exam.

  1. What exactly are you getting at when you say “a bargain”?

SUGGESTING

What exactly _____________________ saying “a bargain”?

  1. Inés knew nothing about the surprise they had arranged for her.

IDEA

Inés ___________________ that they had arranged a surprise for her.

  1. Recently I have gone off eating tuna as I have eaten it too much.

ON

I am not so __________________ tuna recently as I eat it too often.

  1. The commuters we delayed by a serious accident on the M1.

UP

The commuters _______________________ by a serious accident on the motorway.

  1. It´s not easy to stand for the current situation as the terms are rubbish-.

UP

I really don´t like having ______________________ this situation on these rubbish terms.

  1. We ought to continue with our lives after the tragic news.

CARRY

We had _______________________ with our lives after the tragedy.

  1. I won´t be able to make it so let´s cancel the party this weekend.

OFF

I reckon we __________________ this weekend as I won´t get there on time.

  1. We won´t be able to do a full training session because of the heat.

TO

___________________ heat, we can´t do a full training session.

  1. The idea that he is a liar is completely false.

TRUTH

There is ___________________ claims that he is a liar.

  1. “I didn´t have an affair!” shouted the woman.

DENIED

The woman __________________on her husband.

  1. My boss said that I had to work at the weekends.

ON

My boss ______________________ working at the weekends.

  1. Ashley said “you pulled down my shelf”.

ACCUSED

I was ___________________ down the shelf.

  1. I hardly ever wear sunglasses as I find the annoying.

USED

I am ______________________ sunglasses because I don´t like them.

  1. John is excited about driving his new car.

FORWARD

John _________________________ his new car.

  1. In the case of an emergency, read and follow the instructions beforehand.

JUST

Read and follow the instructions __________________ is an emergency.

  1. He should learn to cope with things by himself.

OWN

He ought to handle things ____________________.

  1. In the end it was a great trip, in spite of the weather.

OUT

Despite the weather, it _________________ a great trip.

  1. You should consider all the options before making a decision.

INTO

All the options should be ________________________ before deciding.

  1. He stopped smoking several years ago.

UP

He ______________________ few years ago.

  1. My teacher shouted at me for not doing my homework.

OFF

I ____________________ by my teacher for not completing my homework.

 

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