GRAMMAR

AUXILIARY VERBS GRAMMAR

Auxiliary verbs are an essential part of English grammar and are needed to form both negative and interrogative sentences. Auxiliary verbs are in effect, the most basic part of the English language and should be practiced right from the start when language learners and picking up the basics:   The most basic auxiliaries are:  … Continue reading AUXILIARY VERBS GRAMMAR

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ACTIVITIES · WRITING

CAE ESSAY WRITING 2

You have had a class discussion about the different ways we communicate nowadays and have come up with several opinions. To what extents are people are lacking the necessary social skills to be able to form long-lasting, meaningful relationships? Technology Time spent at work Changing social habits Choose two of the options and write an… Continue reading CAE ESSAY WRITING 2

ACTIVITIES · SPEAKING · STUDENT

FCE (B2) PEOPLE AND THEIR OPINIONS

How important is it to make a good first impression? Do you think it is important to have similar interests to someone if you want to get along with them? Does it concern you if you do not get on with someone, at work for example? Who do you most look up to in the… Continue reading FCE (B2) PEOPLE AND THEIR OPINIONS

GRAMMAR · SENTENCE TRANSFORMATIONS

CAE (C1) KEY WORD TRANSFORMATIONS

How to do the rephrasing: In this part of the exam the candidate must read a sentence and then complete a second sentence with 3-6 words so that it has the same meaning as the first sentence. It is a text of grammar and vocabulary. Sometimes the sentence can be completed with only 2 words… Continue reading CAE (C1) KEY WORD TRANSFORMATIONS

GRAMMAR

QUESTION TAGS: HOW TO USE THEM

Question tags are a useful tool that can be used for several functions: To ask informal questions. DO NOT USE THE FORM …, no? IT DOES NOT EXIST IN ENGLISH To ask for confirmation or agreement   The key is to focus on auxiliary verbs (be, do, have, will, would, should etc.). You need to… Continue reading QUESTION TAGS: HOW TO USE THEM

GRAMMAR

MODAL VERBS

We use modal verbs for: Permission Ability Obligation Prohibition Advice Possibility/probability Conditionals   Modal Meaning Example can to express ability I can speak a little English. can to request permission Can I have a drink of water, please? may to express possibility I may miss the train. May to request permission May I wash my hands, please? May To express probability… Continue reading MODAL VERBS

ACTIVITIES · PHRASAL VERBS · VOCABULARY

FCE (B2) PHRASAL VERB QUESTIONS – 15 PDFS IN THIS POST

Do you find it easy to come up with a plan of action when you are under pressure? Have you ever bumped into an old friend in an unlikely place? Would you be keen to take up learning another foreign language in the future? Are you looking forward to going away on holiday next summer?… Continue reading FCE (B2) PHRASAL VERB QUESTIONS – 15 PDFS IN THIS POST

ACTIVITIES · SPEAKING

PRE-INTERMEDIATE (B1) SPEAKING WITH WORD PATTERNS

Are you good at listening activities in English? Are you worried about getting good marks at school? Have you ever been surprised by a grade you got on an exam? Do you ever dream about going to university? Are you looking forward to passing all of your exams? Who do you talk to when you… Continue reading PRE-INTERMEDIATE (B1) SPEAKING WITH WORD PATTERNS

GRAMMAR

EXPRESSING THE DESIRE FOR CHANGE: WISH AND IF ONLY

I wish I had more time to study! Expressing the desire to change aspects about our lives and even to express regret about the past and how we might have done things differently.   Expressing wishes and desires: Wish + past simple – I wish I could spend more time on my hobbies = PRESENT… Continue reading EXPRESSING THE DESIRE FOR CHANGE: WISH AND IF ONLY

GRAMMAR

DETERMINERS GRAMMAR

Determiners are used before nouns or phrases to express its reference in a context; they include articles (a, an, the), demonstratives (this, these, that, those), possessives (my, your etc.) or quantifiers (all, many etc.) The general determiners are: a; an; any; another; other; what When we are talking about things in general we are not… Continue reading DETERMINERS GRAMMAR

GRAMMAR

OPINIONS

Useful phrases to express your opinion: In my opinion, … In my eyes, … To my mind, … As far as I am concerned, … Speaking personally, … From my point of view, … As for me / As to me, … My view / opinion / belief / impression / conviction is that …… Continue reading OPINIONS

SPEAKING · STUDENT

PET (B1) PREFERENCES

At B1 level you are required to speak about your likes and dislikes HERE in various topics, such as free time, daily routine, work, travel and education. Make sure that you know how to express preferences in several ways. would prefer (+infinitive) would rather (+bare infinitive) like/enjoy/prefer (+gerund)   Would you rather watch TV or go… Continue reading PET (B1) PREFERENCES

GRAMMAR

GERUND VERSUS INFINITIVE: INCLUDES A COMPLETE VERB LIST

The GERUND versus the infinitive can be a challenging aspect of English grammar, for more practice, see our post on grammar structures HERE   To understand the gerund and infinitive, you need to remember 3 rules: Gerund Subject of the sentence eg. swimming is good for your health. After a preposition eg. I am keen on… Continue reading GERUND VERSUS INFINITIVE: INCLUDES A COMPLETE VERB LIST

GRAMMAR

PRONOUNS AND RELATIVE CLAUSES

Pronouns can be tricky for language learners, but they are an essential part of both written and spoken English. For some simple exercises, click HERE   There are various types of pronoun that you must get the grasp of: SUBJECT = what does the action (cause) I am going shopping later OBJECT = what receives the… Continue reading PRONOUNS AND RELATIVE CLAUSES

ARTICLES

VOCABULARY: WHY MORE IS NOT ALWAYS MEJOR!

When embarking on the long journey towards fluency in a language, it may be English or any other language for that matter; learners always face obstacles that impede their progression. Our courses in this site focus on building vocabulary with bite-size chunks by focussing on key words (HERE) and allowing students to associate words, phrases,… Continue reading VOCABULARY: WHY MORE IS NOT ALWAYS MEJOR!