HAVE is one of the most basic words in the English language, but its use can be a little difficult as in its use as an auxiliary verb. This post will have a look at HAVE and in which situations we can use it. It will also offer a vocabulary boost with useful collocations with HAVE.
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HAVE as a general verb:
We generally use have to talk about ownership or possession.
For example, I have a white car. I have 104 friends. I don´t have a cat.
HAVE in the present perfect:
When have is used as part of the present perfect, it becomes an auxiliary verb and the meaning is no longer about possession. We use have + past participle
For instance, I have been to Peru. She has travelled the world. You haven´t finished yet.
Possibly the most confusing part is that we can use have got to express possession, even though it is the present perfect.
Take a look at, I have got a red computer. You haven´t got a big house.
HAVE can also be used in the future perfect:
I will have finished my homework by 8pm.
HAVE can also be used as part of the modal perfect;
I might have passed if I had studies more.
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Collocations with HAVE:
Have a look at
Have a good time
Have a helping hand
Have a bath
Have a shower
Have an appointment
Have an argument/quarrel
Have an advantage
Have a baby
Have a bite to eat
Have a break
Have a meeting
Have a chance
Have an opportunity
Have an exam
Have a chat
Have a conversation
Have an excuse
Have a grudge
Have a headache
Have a laugh
Have a meal
Have a nap
Have a good sleep
Have a party
Have a point
Have a plan
Have a problem
Have a relationship
Have a talk
Have a word with someone
Have word (to do)
Have a job
Have in common
Have an accident
Have difficulty in (doing) something
Have a feeling
Have a dream
Have a try/go
Have a snooze
Have a lie down
Have an enemy in (someone)
Have a fight
Have a shave
Have a hair-cut
Have a workout
Have a stretch
Have a drink
Have a beer
Have a taste
Have a smell
Have a listen
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Phrasal verbs with HAVE:
Have against – I have nothing against you, but we have nothing in common
Have around – (invite) We had our neighbour round for tea yesterday
Have down as – (consider as) I have him down as a lazy worker
Have in – We had the builders in to fix the roof
Have in for – (dislike someone) My boss has it in for me
- I had Monday off work to move house
- (slang = sexual relations) My girlfriends and I had it off
- (not carry) I don´t have my keys on me
- (wear) You have a hat on
Have out with – I had it out with my employee about his mistake
Have over – (the same as have around)
Have up (on charges) – The police have him up on charges for criminal damage
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HAVE as part of the causative:
The causative is used when we pay, make or delegate someone else to do something for us.
FORM = NOUN + HAVE/GET + NOUN + PAST PARTICIPLE (+ BY/WITH + NOUN/SUBJECT)
I get my hair cut by the barber on Main Street. The barber on Main Street cuts my hair.
I have my shopping delivered to my house. The shopping is delivered to my house.
I am going to have the house painted. I will pay someone to paint my house.
I had my car fixed at the garage. The mechanic fixed my car at the garage.
*Using get is more informal than have but has exactly the same meaning and is more common in spoken English.
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To enhance your understand of HAVE you need to practice and use all 4 skills needed for language (READING, WRITING, SPEAKING AND LISTENING). We hope you have found the latest example of our series on VOCABULARY useful.